For a long time (Nisar B, 2017), herbal treatment or folklore medicines were widely used for the treatment of many diseases in many countries (both developed or developing). In the 18th century native healers, midwives, herbalists and mostly women used only herbal medicines/spices for the treatment of many diseases. With the passage of time, with advancement in the field of medicines, synthetic medicines gradually started replacing natural medicines irrespective of the fact that the former have some side effects as well.
Although many synthetic medicines are serving humanity and are in good practice, still many medicines are reported to have severe side effects (Nisar B, 2017). Most of the common medicines like Aspirin, Clopidogrel, Diclofenac, Enoxaparin, Ibuprofen, Naproxen and Warfarin are available over the counter and are associated with minor (back pain to headaches) to serious side effects (excessive bleeding, hemorrhage and difficulty breathing, etc.).
Herbal medicines are phytochemical compounds used for the treatment of many diseases (Nisar B, 2017). Herbs have active ingredients which act as drug e.g. opiates (used for reduction of pain, sedation), digitalis (acts against heart failure and some abnormal heart rhythms) and taxol (anticancer). Some medicinal plants showed antioxidant activity. Infact a number of herbs are reported with diverse medicinal effects and are used in practice nowadays as well.
Herbs/medicinal plants/homemade remedies are less expensive than synthetic drugs and majority people in rural/backward areas have blind faith in them (Nisar B, 2017). They are right because they can treat any disease by using them without any lethal side effects. Homemade remedies are not only useful for the treatment of different diseases but are also widely used for enhancing beauty and for curing skin related issues.
On the other hand (Nisar B, 2017), synthetic drugs are synthesized by employing different methodologies in the laboratory and these are the medicines which are not found in nature. Although herbal medicines are less potent in comparison to synthetic drugs in some cases, still these are considered less toxic or have less side effects in contrast to synthetic drugs.
The ultimate norm for any medicine (human made or natural) is their nontoxicity, effectiveness, specificity, stability and potency (Nisar B, 2017). Herbal drugs are useful in deliberated holistic therapy for cure of almost all ailments. Keeping this in view, now many chemists switch their field from synthetic to natural side in order to explore nature more and more.
Synthetic drugs not only cure disease but also cause severe side effects to the human body (Nisar, B 2017). A lot of examples reported in literature are related with the side effects caused by the synthetic drugs e.g; Paracetamol is a well known antipyretic drug but it can also cause liver poisoning as a major side effect. Naproxen causes gastrointestinal side effects. Ibuprofen is another antipyretic drug which causes nephrotoxicity including renal failure when given to volume depleted children.
Not only herbs but also spices including turmeric, cloves, cinnamon and chilies may possess some medicinal effects on the human body (Nisar, B 2017). For example turmeric contains curcumin which is potentially active against many diseases e.g, inflammation, depression, pain, arthritis, skin diseases etc. In conclusion everything created by God on this earth has some positive effect in contrast to human made things/medicines.
Instead of looking for synthetic drugs for the cure of any disease, we must consider natural drugs which can reduce the side effects, toxicities of synthetic counterparts and will maximize therapeutic consequences with most effective and dynamic healing effects (Nisar B, 2017). Many diseases are cured by synthetic medicines but these medicines not only cure disease but also imparts bad side effects to the human body.
Nowadays, people have become more health conscious than before, so they prefer the best (Saklani 2012). Today, herbal cosmetics are growing popular not only in developed countries like the United States, Canada, United Kingdom, Australia, Germany and France etc. but also in other developing countries like the Philippines, china and India etc. Herbal cosmetic products containing natural components have shown an increasing trend in the market. In the last decades or so, the demand for herbal cosmetics has increased over the time period.
With globalization, there have been changes in many fields such as improvisation in products, innovation, competition, brand image etc. (Saklani 2012). On the other hand, herbal cosmetics attract the consumers due to their natural properties and lesser side effects. According to market experts, the herbal cosmetics industry is heading towards a new phase of its expansion. At present the global market for herbal cosmetics is $ 1500 billion and is estimated to grow at the rate of 25% per annum. In European countries the natural skin care products have the maximum market share of all product categories. The German and the French herbal cosmetics markets are the most upcoming markets among the European countries.
Periorbital edema is a common clinical finding observed as swelling around eye tissue (Joshi 2021), in layman terms also referred to as eye puffiness and sometimes also as periorbital puffiness.
The primary cause of the occurrence of swelling around the orbits is due to inflammation resulting in fluid buildup and fluid collection around the eye (Joshi 2021). This condition, usually of not any serious clinical significance, can be attributed to various lifestyle causes such as lack of sleep, allergy, increased alcohol intake, increased consumption of salt, spending long hours using electronic devices, and various conditions like menstruation and pregnancy causing hormonal changes; and hence fluid retention in the tissue and the appearance of swelling. Other causes include infections, related to use of some medications and or postsurgical trauma while some serious medical conditions causing periorbital edema include renal diseases, hypothyroidism/hyperthyroidism, anemia, hypertension, tumors etc.
Treatment for periorbital edema is wide ranging depending on the cause which (Joshi 2021), includes medications such as anti-inflammatory medicines, corticosteroids, anti-histamines, antibiotics etc, while the home remedies include applying cucumber slices around the orbit region, using green tea (masks/eye masks), tea bags, facial massage, using eye rollers, witch hazel, rose water, hot and cold compression, aloe vera (gel/masks), all these natural ingredients containing anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties which helps in easing the swelling around the eyes.
Nisar B, Sultan A, Rbab SL (2017) Comparison of Medicinally Important Natural Products versus Synthetic Drugs-A Short Commentary. Nat Prod Chem Res 6: 308. doi:10.4172/2329-6836.1000308
Saklani, Sanjay, Deepak Prashar, and Dharmesh Sharma. "An Economical Overview on Herbal Cosmetics." Research Journal of Topical and Cosmetic Sciences 3, no. 1 (2012): II
Joshi, Muskan, Pramodhiya Sanduni Perera, and Naga Harika Korrapati. "Effective Home Remedies that Provide Quick Relief for Puffy Eyes." (2021).